With recent giant steps in the tech field, AI is progressing rapidly. Statistics show that revenue from the AI market in the Middle East is expected to hit $1.25 billion by 2025.
Inventions such as Siri, Google Assistant, and Alexa have made our daily lives much easier, but AI has the ability to transform our world completely. Here are three ways that AI could create solutions for some of the longest-standing world problems.
Building smart cities
Smart cities are urban areas that integrate the Internet of Things (IoT) sensors to collect data from the whole area. The data could be from citizens or from systems such as water supply, traffic, and waste management. AI systems then analyze the data and provide insights into how the assets, resources, and services in the area can be managed efficiently, therefore helping improve the provision of services to citizens in urban areas.
Dubai AI Lab, for example, is keen on transforming Dubai into the smartest city in the world. The lab has partnered with IBM to integrate artificial intelligence into government services and city experiences to improve the quality of life in the emirate.
Transforming the health sector
Even with all the technological advancements in medicine, there’s still a long way to go. The integration of AI could help solve some of the grey areas for medical professionals.
Take, for example, Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, have conducted a study in which a self-learning computer program was trained to identify features in brain scans that are very accurate for humans. It was noted that the system was able to detect the onset of Alzheimer's disease in 40 patients more than six years before they were officially diagnosed.
Also, Julian Jewel’s Artificial Intelligence Bot (JJAIBOT) claims to be able to help detect the early signs of Alzheimer’s and dementia by using algorithms in PET and MRI scans to detect the onset of the condition. The bot uses Visual and Acoustic Recognition Component, V-ARC, to recognize patterns in structural imaging that may indicate the degradation of brain tissue six years into the future. Algorithms can go through a huge number of brain scan images and a predictive analytics engine applies statistical techniques, analytical queries, and automated machine learning algorithms to data sets to create predictive models that place a score on the indication of early onset of Alzheimer’s disease.
AI could also be used to ensure correct diagnosis as well as explore areas that limit the human professionals.
In 2015 alone, there were around 700 million cases of cyber breaches in the US. AI can help counter this, with features such as self-learning and automation increasing efficiency and helping reduce costs when it comes to countering cyber-attacks.
There are some solutions already in place. SecureWorks, a cyber-security firm in the US, uses the predictive capability of AI to detect global threats and come up with counterattacks before too much damage is done. Mobile and computer manufacturers integrate AI into their products to provide endpoint securities.
The Middle East is a global leader when it comes to the adoption of AI, and it is without a doubt that it will be revolutionary for a variety of industries. Fundamentally, in the future, leaders should strive to approach new problems from an AI angle for increased solutions.