Barshim is a Qatari high jump world champion and holder of the Asian world record. He registered the second-highest jump in history at 2.43m. Barshim won the bronze medal at the London 2012 Olympics, the silver medal at the Rio 2016 Olympics, and the gold medal at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. He also won the London World Championship in 2017 and the Doha World Championship in 2019. Barshim was inspired to take up the sport by his father, an athlete in the national teams for walking and running.