Saudi Arabian Mining Co. (Ma’aden)
Date of Establishment: 1997
Acting CEO: Abdulaziz bin Asker Al Harbi
Market Value: $18.8 billion
Founded in 1997, Ma’aden is the largest mining company in the Middle East. It was wholly owned by the Saudi government until 2008, when half of its shares were floated on Tadawul. In June 2018, Saudi’s Public Investment Fund increased its shareholding to 67.2%.