5. Egypt Kuwait Holding (EKH)

Sector: Investments
CEO: Sherif El-Zayat
Market Value: $1.4 billion
Sales: $1.1 billion
Profits: $362 million
Assets: $2 billion

EKH works across six sectors: petrochemicals, fertilizers, gas distribution, electricity generation and distribution, upstream oil and gas, and non-banking financial services. Its portfolio includes Sprea Misr, AlexFert, NatEnergy, Delta Insurance, and Bedayti. In March 2023, The company acquired an additional 13.12% stake in Bawabet Al Kuwait Holding Company for $66.4 million, bringing its total shareholding in the company to 84.79%. As a result of this acquisition, its total shareholding in Alexandria Fertilizers Company increased from 61.57% to 69.42%. EKH is dual listed on the Egyptian Stock Exchange and Boursa Kuwait.