21. Export Development Bank of Egypt (EBank)

Sector: Banking and financial services
Chairman: Ahmed Galal
Market Value: $231 million
Sales: $305 million
Profits: $43 million
Assets: $3.2 billion

EBank started operations in 1983 to boost Egyptian exports in sectors such as agriculture, industrials, and commerce. It also provides banking services through 44 branches and employs 1,580 people across Egypt. Its subsidiaries include Egypt Capital Holding, Beta Capital Holding for Financial Investments, and the Export Credit Guarantee Company of Egypt. State-owned banks control about 84% of EBank, with the National Investment Bank holding a 40.8% stake, Banque Misr holding 23.1%, and the National Bank of Egypt holding 19.8%, as of March 2023.